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Laws in India

   Laws of India refers to the system of law in modern India. It is largely based English Common law because of the long period of British colonial influence during the period of the British Raj. Much of contemporary Indian law shows substantial European and American influence. Various legislations first introduced by the British is still in effect in modified forms today. During the drafting of the Indian Constitution laws from Ireland, United States, Britain and France were synthesized into a refined set of Indian laws. Indian laws also adhere to the United Nations guidelines on Human Rights Law and the Environmental Law. Certain International Trade Laws such as those on intellectual property, are also enforced in India.

RTI Act


      Right to Information Act 2005

Family Laws


      Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.

      The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961

      The Foreign Marriage Act, 1969

      The Guardians And Wards Act, 1890 

      The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955

      The Hindu Minority and Gaurdianship Act, 1956

      The Indian Divorce Act, 1869

      The Maternity Benefits Act, 1961

      The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937

      The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986

      The Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939

      The Special Marriage Act, 1954

      The Hindu Succession Act, 1956

      The Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956

      Indian and Colonial Divorce Jurisdiction Act, 1940

      The Anand Marriage Act, 1909

      The Arya Marriage Validation Act, 1937

      Matrimonial Causes (War Marriages) Act, 1948

      The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929

      Commission for protection of Child Right Act 2005

Criminal Laws


      Indian Penal Code, 1860

      The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973

      Indian Contract Act, 1872

      Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988

      Prevention of Terrorism Act 2002

      The Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1993

      The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

      The Juvenile Justice Act, 1986

      The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881

      The Smugglers & Foreign Exchange Manipulators (Forfeiture of Property) Act, 1976

      The Terrorist Affected Areas (Special Courts) Act 1984

      The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2008

 

Consumer Laws


      The Consumer Protection Act, 1986

      The Essential Commodities Act, 1955

      Jammu & Kashmir Consumer Protection Act, 1987




Property Laws


      The Administration of Evacuee Property Act,1950

      The Benami Transactions(Prohibitions) Act, 1988

      The Hindu Disposition of Property Act, 1916

      The Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971

      Land Acquisition Act, 1894

      Transfer of Property Act 1882

      The Waste Lands (Claims) Act, 1863

      The Urban Land (Ceiling and regulation Act, 1999)

 

Service & Labour Laws


      Employees Provident Fund and Misc. Provisions Act, 1952

      The Employees State Insurance Act (ESI Act), 1948

      The Factories Act, 1948

      Apprentices Act, 1961

      Payment of Wages Act, 1936

      Payment of Bonus Act, 1965

      Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972

      The Workmen�s Compensation Act, 1923

      Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986

      Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976

      The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959

 

Corporate Laws


      Companies (Foreign Interests) Act, 1918

      The Company Act, 1956

      The Partnership Act, 1932

      Company Law Board Regulations, 1991

      The Companies (Amendment) Act, 2006

      Companies (Foreign Interests) Act, 1918

      The Company Secretaries Act, 1980

      Company Law Board Regulations, 1991

      The Companies (Donations To National Funds) Act, 1951

      The Depositories Act, 1996

      The Foreign Trade  Act, 1992

      The Monopolies And Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969

      The National Securities And Depositories Limited - Bye Laws, 1996

      The Prevention of Money-Laundering Bill, 1999

      The Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956

      The Sick Industrial Companies Act, 1985

      The SEBI Act, 1992

      The Sale of Goods Act, 1930

Motor Vehicle Laws


      The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988

      The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act 2000

      Personal Injuries (Emergency Provisions) Act, 1962

      The Fatal Accidents Act, 1855

 

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